A38 Resolution, CNG2020
The current main ICAO policy on aviation
and climate change is Assembly Resolution A38-18, adopted by the 38th ICAO Assembly
in October 2013. In that policy, the Organization is requested to undertake a
series of actions to advance the understanding, quantification of impact,
measures to mitigate and means to provide assistance to States in addressing CO2
emissions from international aviation. Under this Resolution, the ICAO Assembly
resolved that ICAO and its Member States with relevant organizations would work
together to strive to achieve a collective medium term global aspirational goal
of keeping the global net CO2 emissions from international aviation
from 2020 at the same level (carbon neutral growth from 2020, or CNG2020).
Global MBM Scheme as part of a Basket of
The Assembly also defined a basket of
measures designed to help achieve ICAO’s global aspirational goals. The basket
of options available to States to address international aviation CO2
emissions encompasses technological, operational, and market–based measures.
On the latter, the Assembly unanimously
decided that ICAO would develop a global MBM scheme for international aviation,
and requested the Council to:
Establishment of Council EAG
Since the 38th Session of the Assembly, the
Organization has actively engaged with its Member States and relevant
international organizations in the development of a global MBM scheme. To this
end, the ICAO Council established the Environment Advisory Group (EAG),
composed of 17 Council Representatives, in March 2014. The EAG, under the
direction of the Council, is to oversee all the work related to the development
of a global MBM scheme and based on the results of its deliberations, to make
recommendations to the Council.
Developments on technical
recommendations and analytical support by CAEP GMTF
The EAG is supported on its technical and
analytical work by the Global MBM Technical Task Force (GMTF) of the ICAO
Committee on Aviation Environmental Protection (CAEP). The analyses requested
by the EAG and the Council on the impacts of different approaches for designing
a global MBM scheme have been undertaken by GMTF. In addition, work on
monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV), eligible emissions unit criteria
(EUC) and necessary emissions unit registries has been undertaken to make
recommendations to the tenth meeting of the CAEP in February 2016.
COP21 outcome for international aviation
The UNFCCC COP21 meeting concluded with the
adoption of Paris Agreement and associated decision text, which did not include
any reference to international aviation. This means that ICAO Member States
continue to work on the basis of ICAO agreed instruments, in particular ICAO
Assembly Resolution A38-18. The fact that international aviation was not
covered under the Paris Agreement can be considered to be a vote of confidence
in the progress that ICAO and its Member States have achieved thus far, and the
Paris Agreement provides the aviation community with further momentum toward
success at the 39th ICAO Assembly.
Global Aviation Dialogues (GLADs)
As a means to ensure the full engagement of
States and other stakeholders and widest possible range of inputs, ICAO conduct Global Aviation Dialogues (GLADs).
GLADs are the response to the 38th Assembly’s request to the Council to
organize seminars and workshops on a global scheme for international aviation,
bringing all States up to speed on the matter to allow for well-informed
deliberations at the 39th Session of the ICAO Assembly in September 2016. The GLADs
is also to outreach to those States that are not directly engaged in the
Council, EAG or CAEP in order to facilitate information and engagement.
In April 2015, the first round of GLADs
was held in 5 venues across the ICAO regions throughout April 2015. Total of
362 participants from 79 different States and 22 different International
Organizations participated in the first round of GLADs. The format of the GLADs
received positive feedback from the participants, and it was seen that GLADs supported
engagement and active exchanges of views among participants.
The second round of GLADs will take place during the period from 20 March to 8
April 2016 in five venues across the ICAO regions.
High-level Meeting on Global MBM Scheme
(11 to 13 May 2016 in Montreal)
A high-level meeting on a global MBM scheme
will be held in May 2016 in Montreal. Purpose of the high-level meeting will be
to have a high-level discussion on draft Assembly Resolution text on a global
MBM scheme and make recommendations to the ICAO Council, in preparation for the
39th Session of the ICAO Assembly.
ICAO Assembly (27 September to 7 October 2016 in Montreal)
The Council will report back to the 39th ICAO Assembly with a recommendation on a global MBM scheme for international
aviation. The 191 ICAO Member States in the Assembly are then expected to make
a decision on the global MBM, to be implemented from 2020 onwards.