A consistent increase has been noted in the electrification of aircraft systems, research on electrical propulsion, and investments in electric or hybrid aircraft designs. This website presents a non-extensive list of ongoing projects that have been identified globally, ranging from general aviation or recreational aircraft; business and regional aircraft; large commercial aircraft; and vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft (also called electric urban air-taxis).
Most of these projects target an entry-in-service date between 2020 and 2030, and some are already commercially available. Four of the projects had their first flights in 2019 (Lilium, City Airbus, Boeing Aurora eVTOL, and Bye Aerospace Sun Flyer 2).
Details on these projects, including MTOW, range, seat capacity, payload, cruise altitude and speed are provided in the table below. Currently there are no specific ICAO environmental standards in Annex 16 to cover such aircraft types. ICAO is monitoring the developments around these new entrants, and which specific SARPs will need to be developed.
Details for all electric and hybrid aircraft projects are provided in the following table as of 1/April/2021. This information can also be found in the map at the bottom of the page.