Safety and Air navigation capacity and efficiency
Following on the first Regional Safety Management Symposium and Workshop delivered for the EUR/NAT Region in 2017, three more were delivered in 2018:
The symposia provided insights on the effective implementation of State Safety Programmes in support of the Global Aviation Safety Plan (GASP) objectives. The workshops following the symposia focused on some of the more practical aspects of safety management implementation.
ICAO is working toward a project-oriented approach for the coordination and implementation of air navigation programmes. It will bring standardization and transparency to the development of provisions and supporting implementation activities through the application of a tailored project management process. The process will facilitate development and implementation of new requirements in accordance with the Strategic Objectives and, when required, coordination with other parts of the Organization. Forming the backbone of the process are projects with clear problem statements, metrics, tangible implementation outcomes and operational benefits.
Technical assistance activities
In line with
No Country Left Behind (NCLB) initiative, ICAO has continued to provide States with Technical Assistance (TA) programmes in various forms. Among them are the TA projects utilizing the Safety Fund (SAFE) aimed at helping States to strengthen their safety oversight capacity. In 2018, ICAO received generous contributions to the SAFE from donors including States, international organizations and aircraft manufacturers, amounting to CAD 800 000, in the form of either specified or non-specified projects. During 2018, three projects were successfully completed; nine are ongoing; and two are planned. Twenty-four projects have now been completed since the Fund’s establishment.
SAFE-funded TA projects have become an effective vehicle for the enhancement of State safety oversight systems, including the timely resolution of Significant Safety Concerns (SSCs) in some States, as has been verified by the Universal Safety Oversight Audit Programme (USOAP) Continuous Monitoring Approach (CMA) activities.
The Twenty-first meeting of the Comprehensive Regional Implementation Plan for Aviation Safety in Africa Steering Committee (AFI Plan SC/21) was held on 17 July 2018 in Niamey, Niger during the Fifth Africa-Indian Ocean (AFI) Aviation Week. Information was provided on the new strategy and approach for effective implementation of the revised Abuja Safety and AFI Air Navigation Targets, the status of the development of the Aviation Training Roadmap for Africa, as well as the implementation of AFI assistance projects. A notable achievement over the last six years is the increase from 14 to 29 of AFI States with an Effective Implementation (EI) score of 60 per cent and above. In the same period, the number of significant safety concerns (SSCs) decreased from 21 to one.
Security and Facilitation
In order to implement the
No Country Left Behind initiative, Regional Offices, in coordination with the Implementation Support and Development Section (Security) (ISD-SEC) and other partners providing assistance, generate Aviation Security Improvement Plans (ASIPs), which are short- to mid-term, multi-phased plans for State capacity-building based upon a needs assessment and the commitment of the State to improve their AVSEC capabilities. In 2018, 13 States remained actively engaged in the implementation of an ASIP, with 20 needs assessments and targeted deliveries of assistance being provided in these States throughout the year. Additionally, 22 assistance activities were conducted on a cost recovery basis in 11 States.
Over the course of 2018, the Aviation Security Training Centre (ASTC) network grew to 35 members, with the addition of ASTCs in Cameroon, Egypt, and Nigeria. In 2018, a total of 46 ICAO-sponsored training events were offered throughout the ASTC network benefiting 646 AVSEC personnel from 107 Member States. In addition, five ICAO Aviation Security Instructor Certification courses were held in 2018 in four regions resulting in 71 newly-certified ICAO AVSEC instructors.
In alignment with the first priority objective of the GASeP, the updated ICAO Aviation Security Risk Management Workshop was delivered nine times in 2018. A further nine train-the-trainer sessions were delivered to certified ICAO AVSEC instructors in all ICAO regions in order to increase the cadre of instructors prepared to deliver the workshop in 2019.
Additionally, throughout 2018, ICAO partnered with international agencies and States to promote aviation security. ICAO partnered with the UK Department for Transport and the US Department of State to provide targeted assistance. Furthermore, ICAO continued its partnership with Concordia University to offer the Aviation Security Professional Management Course (PMC) with four sessions in four regions in 2018. ICAO worked closely with the Airports Council International (ACI) to finalize and implement a Management of Airport Security Course in 2018, delivering it in four locations. ICAO partnered with Singapore to develop and deliver the Directors General of Civil Aviation Programme on Aviation Security, which enriches awareness and understanding of the international civil aviation security framework and its compliance requirements. The inaugural session was hosted in Montréal with 19 executives from 15 States in attendance.
Regional FAL Implementation Seminars, in support of the
No Country Left Behind (NCLB) Initiative, vis-à-vis Annex 9 —
Facilitation, were held in Dakar, Senegal, Cairo, Egypt and Lima, Peru, during 2018, for States in the WACAF and ESAF, MID as well as SAM and NACC Regions, respectively. The focus of this series of seminars was on the Electronic Filing of Differences System (EFOD) and the development of National Air Transport Facilitation Programmes (NATFPs).
ICAO continues to establish a more systematic approach to assisting States with the implementation of the ICAO TRIP strategy, notably by promoting the ICAO TRIP roadmap which has been developed recently to support States’ efforts in this area. The Fourteenth Symposium and Exhibition on the ICAO Traveller Identification Programme (TRIP), with the key theme of “Using Traveller ID for Streamlined Border Controls” was held at ICAO Headquarters in Montréal, Canada, from 23 to 25 October 2018. The event gathered around 600 officials from 75 States and 7 International Organizations. An ICAO TRIP Regional Seminar hosted by the Government of Brazil took place from 5 to 7 June 2018.
The Canada-funded project “Strengthening Border Control Management in the Caribbean Region” that started in June 2016 was closed in 2018. It provided States with a two-part Guide on Border Control Management (BCM). Part 1 included guidance describing best practice related to the Inspection Systems and Tools and Interoperable Applications with references to the ICAO SARPs; and Part 2 contained an assessment tool that provides high level guidance on considerations to be taken into account when a State intends to adopt new technology and processes, optimize existing systems or develop BCM strategies and policies.
The ICAO Training Package (ITP) “Control of the Authenticity and validity of Travel Documents at Airport Borders – Level 1” was funded by the Government of Canada and developed under the Sahel project. The ITP was translated in 2018 into Arabic, Chinese and Russian and is therefore now available in all ICAO official languages. This ITP was validated and delivered in four different regions (APAC, MID, WACAF and SAM). During these validations three new instructors were certified to teach the ITP and 79 participants benefited from the training.
The ICAO TRIP magazine – Volume 13, issued in 2018, continued to promote news and features on travel document and identification management issues. The objective of the ICAO TRIP magazine is to assist States by providing a comprehensive overview of new developments, trends, innovations and applications in the field of traveller identification which are also relevant to all interested stakeholders.
The ICAO secure TRIP Platform now has more than 240 registered users coming from States, international organizations and the TRIP community at large.
As part of its ongoing engagement in the implementation of the ICAO TRIP Strategy and its contribution to achieving wider United Nations goals on Border Control Management and Security, the ICAO Secretariat has been intensifying efforts in providing assistance to Member States in the implementation of Advance Passenger Information (API) and Interactive API (iAPI) systems, and related Annex 9 Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs). This has been achieved mainly through participation in: the Organization for Security and
Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) events, National Workshop on Establishing an API system in the Republic of Moldova and Turkmenistan, co-organized with International Organization for Migration (IOM), Seminar on Passenger Data Exchange in Austria and organizing the ICAO Regional Facilitation Implementation Seminars in Senegal (for ESAF and WACAF Regions); Egypt (for the MID Region) and Peru (for NACC and SAM Regions).
ICAO continued to promote PKD membership through PKD presentations and sessions during the TRIP Symposium and the regional seminar in Brasilia. These sessions provided guidance and urged States to join and actively use PKD because of the importance of enhancing cross-border security and air transport facilitation. Three new participants – Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Serbia – joined the ICAO PKD during the year, bringing the total number of PKD participants to 63.
A targeted individual two-day TRIP and PKD workshop was provided to Cameroon on 4 and 5 December 2018. This workshop provided detailed and practical information on the ICAO TRIP strategy, and the benefits of implementing the Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) components as per
Machine Readable Travel Documents (Doc 9303), Part 12 –
Public Key Infrastructure for MRTDs specifications as well as in joining the PKD. Additionally, an Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) PKD workshop was held in Budva, Montenegro on 15 and 16 November 2018. The objective of the workshop was to develop a roadmap on “Assessment and Planning” for those States wishing to join the ICAO PKD. This workshop targeted five States in the region (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro and The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia) and the participants invited were those involved in the planning and deployment of the Electronic Machine Readable Travel Document (eMRTD) Programme issuance systems and Public Key Infrastructure. It provided the necessary tools, templates and step-by-step check-lists for joining the PKD.
ICAO-European Union (EU) capacity-building and assistance project
ICAO continued to support the 14 selected States in the implementation of the mitigation measures included in their action plans.
ICAO launched the results of two feasibility studies funded by the ICAO-EU project on the use of sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) in Kenya and on the use of renewable energy to power airport operations in Trinidad and Tobago, respectively. Moreover, in cooperation with the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR),
dedicated training material, consisting of an e-learning course and e-books on States’ Action Plans and mitigation measures, was created.
Two solar-at-gate pilot projects, consisting of a solar photovoltaic system and gate electrification equipment, were implemented in Cameroon and Kenya, as part of the mitigation measures to reduce CO2 emissions from international aviation.
The inauguration of the
solar project in Kenya was held in December 2018 in Mombasa, Kenya. This event was attended by several Council Members and successfully promoted the replication of these initiatives in other Member States.
The fourth Capacity-Building Seminar for the project beneficiary States of the Caribbean Region was held in the Dominican Republic in July 2018, and the fourth Capacity-Building Seminar for the project beneficiary States of the African Region was held in Kenya in December 2018. These Seminars reviewed the implementation of the mitigation measures included in the State Action Plans, showcased the results of the feasibility studies conducted in the beneficiary States, examined ICAO’s latest guidance for the implementation of aviation low-emissions actions and exchanged views on the strategy and way forward for the sustainability of the results as the project comes to an end.
ICAO-UNDP/GEF capacity-building project
The ICAO –UNDP –GEF capacity-building project reached its final phase, supporting the implementation of solar-at-gate pilot projects at two international airports in Jamaica.
ICAO organized two Capacity-Building Seminars on Low Emissions Aviation Measures for the ICAO-UNDP/GEF project beneficiary States and SIDS in the Caribbean and Asia Pacific regions, in
Jamaica in April 2018 and in
Fiji, in May 2018. The capacity-building Seminars provided States with the guidance required to implement aviation environmental protection activities, by sharing information on the lessons learned, best practices and deliverables of the project.
In order to facilitate and identify the implementation of measures to reduce international aviation emissions, the following guidance documents have been developed: Renewable energy for Aviation – Practical Applications to Achieve Carbon Reductions and Cost Savings, Financing Aviation Emissions Reductions, Regulatory and Organizational Framework to Address Aviation Emissions, and Sustainable Aviation Fuels Guide. All these documents are available for download on the
project website. As part of the ICAO UNDP/GEF project, a Marginal Abatement Cost (MAC) curve tool has also been developed to assess the costs and benefits associated with the implementation of aviation low emissions measures in developing States and SIDs.
Environmental Technical Platform has been developed as part of the project, which allows for the sharing of knowledge and resources, as well as outreach initiatives, to ICAO Member States. This platform can be accessed through the ICAO public website.