PansOps Procedure Design Initial Course

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This course consists of:

  1. Basics, including definitions, abbreviations, units of measurements, frame of reference;
  2. Criteria for the fundamental instrument procedure design, including en-route, arrival procedures (STAR), departure procedures (SID), MSA, holding, NPA and ILS procedures based on ground navigation aids.
  3. Charting and documentation;



At the end of this training, the participants, as new/potential procedure designers tutored by a senior procedure designer are able to:

  • Calculate the turn parameters, draw the bounding circles;
  • Merging methods of protection areas for different segments;
  • Design or Cross-check conventional departure procedures (SID);
  • Design or Cross-check conventional arrival procedures (STAR);
  • Design or Cross-check conventional NPA procedures (ex. VOR approach);
  • Design ILS CAT I procedure;
  • Design LOC Only (GP inoperative) procedure;
  • Enable Charting for above procedures.

Participants concerned

Technicians, engineers, new/potential procedure designers, regulators of CAA, air traffic controllers, pilots, AIS & airports personnel, other relevant personnel.


  1. Attendees be able to communicate in English.
  2. Attendees must pass the pre-course assessment or have previously attended and passed the APAC FPP Instrument Flight Procedure Design Courses or equivalent courses.

Tuition fees

  • Free for Active and User Member States;
  • $1000 per person per week for Non-Member States.



At APAC FPP, according to ICAO Doc 9906 Volume 2, the initial training of IFR procedures designer consists of two main parts, PANS-OPS PD initial course and PBN PD course. Each part is independent; trainees can choose courses according to demands. This course is considered as the first step in a comprehensive training program to design IFR procedure.

The training is organized around courses, exercises and assessments to apply all the regulatory criteria addressing conventional procedures. The pillars of this training include a case study from ICAO Doc9368 and a published procedure.


  • Conventional navigation concepts;
  • Turn protection areas construction and merging methods;
  • Two-dimensional (2D) instrument approach operation concepts;
  • Limitation elements of segments;
  • Conventional SID (Standard Instrument Departure);
  • Conventional STAR (Standard Instrument Arrival);
  • VOR approach with "DME required" procedures;
  • Demanding criteria applicable in complex environment (offset final approach track alignment criteria, increase in OCA, Missed approach as soon as possible ...);
  • Basic ILS surfaces, CRM, OAS for ILS CAT I;
  • HL, OCA/H computation;
  • Publication, procedure design documentation;

Theoretical courses

4 weeks' course is in on-site classes. But online learning channel will be maintained for participants who are unable to participate in the on-site training, for the purpose of adapting to the actual situation and the different needs of APAC States. No certificate for the participants in the online channel.

Presentations and explanation of the rules and principles described in Doc 8168 Volume II.


Elementary use of the regulation concepts in a simplified environment, conducted to enforce the theoretical input.

Exercises are daily scheduled.

There are two group-exercises on-site; one is about SID & STAR, the other one is about the approach procedures, these group exercises are based on the real FPD cases.

Course Rundown

Topic Further Description
What is Flight Procedure Design?Main task for FPD, MOC and MOCA.
ICAO DocumentsDOC 8168 , DOC9906
The IFP ProcessQuality Assurance Process of IFP
Unit ConversionsConversions between SI Units and non-Si units
IAS to TASConversions from IAS (used by pilot) to True Air Speed (used for FPD)
Segments on an NPASegments in NPA
Fixes Tolerance and Semi-Width Tolerance (intersection, over heading a facility), the semi-width/protection areas of different cases.
Turn CalculationsCalculations of Rate of turn and radius of turn.
Turn ProtectionProtection areas of the turn based on wind effect and bounding circles. The construction and merging methods for turn protection areas in different segments.
Aircraft CategoriesCategorization of Aircraft
Charting/AIPCharting requirements, published information for SID
Conventional DeparturesConventional departures. Obstacle assessment, PDG calculation.
En-routeProtection areas construction method
Arrival SegmentParameters and limitations for this segment, protection areas and Obstacles clearance.
Initial Approach SegmentParameters and limitations for this segment, Straight, DME Arcs and Reversal Procedures, protection areas and Obstacles clearance.
Intermediate SegmentParameters and limitations for this segment, protection areas and Obstacles clearance.
Final Approach Segment

Parameters and limitations for this segment, protection areas and Obstacles clearance.

Calculation and publishing of Minima OCH.

Missed Approach Segment
Calculation of Start of Climb. Obstacle assessment in 3 phases of missed approaches. Turn at a point, turn at an altitude.
CirclingConstructions and obstacle assessment for circling area.
Minimum Sector AltitudesSectors, Obstacle assessment and publication.
HoldingApplication of Holding over a NAVID.
ILS General PrinciplesIntroduction to ILS Systems
Basic ILSBasic-ILS surfaces and Obstacle assessments.
OAS Cat I and IIOAS for CAT I and II
Collision Risk ModelInstruction to CRM
LOC onlyLOC only procedures (2D operation)
ILS Missed ApproachTurn inside and outside of OAS
Charting/AIPCharting requirements, published information for NPA procedures.



Design of Conventional arrival procedure, departure procedures, NPA and PA procedures in a geographic and aeronautic realistic environment. The design is carried out step by step under the guidance of instructors. The project includes also the Chart and appropriate documentation.


Several progress tests are carried out to identify the trainee's ability to apply procedure design criteria. Correction of the project is part of the assessment.

At the end of the course, an individual assessment report could provide to on-site participants as required.



Contact of relevant instructor is provided throughout the course.

Delivered course material

Courseware will be uploaded to APAC FPP website.

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