Operational (OPS) Safety Risks


​​Operational safety risks arise during the delivery of a service or the conduct of an activity (e.g. operation of an aircraft, airports or of air traffic control). Operational interactions between people and technology, as well as the operational context in which aviation activities are carried out, are taken into consideration to identify performance limitations and hazards.

 High-risk Categories of Occurrences (HRCs)

The vision of the GASP is to achieve and maintain the goal of zero fatalities in commercial operations by 2030 and beyond.

A series of HRCs need to be addressed to mitigate the risk of fatalities. The types of occurrences deemed global HRCs (previously referred to as "global safety priorities") were selected based on actual fatalities, high fatality risk per accident or the number of accidents and incidents. 

The following HRCs, in no particular order, have been identified for the 2020-2022 edition of the GASP:

For information on accident statistics, the HRCs and other safety data can be found in the ICAO Annual Safety Report.


The OPS roadmap provides safety enhancement initiatives (SEIs) to meet the GASP goals related to a continuous reduction of operational safety risks, and regional and industry safety risk management activities to address the HRCs.

1 / 5
Controlled flight into terrain (CFIT)
2 / 5
Loss of control in-flight (LOC-I)
3 / 5
Mid-air collision (MAC)
4 / 5
Runway excursion (RE)
5 / 5
Runway incursion (RI)

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