Occupant survivability is linked to three phases of an accident: surviving the crash sequence (i.e. the impact forces, consequent deceleration, and secondary impacts); evacuating the aircraft; and surviving the post-evacuation environment (e.g. sea, jungle, mountainous region). The goal of a "brace-for-impact" position, commonly referred to as the brace position, is to reduce an aircraft occupant's injuries during a crash sequence. Since the 1960s, extensive research has been conducted on brace positions, using anthropomorphic dummies in a series of sled-impact tests. ICAO works in collaboration with the International Board for Research into Aircraft Crash Evaluation (IBRACE), to develop recommendations on brace positions for passengers and cabin crew members.
ICAO developed the Manual on Information and Instructions for Passenger Safety (Doc 10086) in order to provide guidance on ICAO provisions in Annex 6 Part I, on the safety-related information and instructions that an operator should provide to passengers. It addresses:
The ICAO Manual on Information and Instructions for Passenger Safety (Doc 10086) is now available to States in English on the ICAO-NET at https://store.icao.int/catalogsearch/result/?category_id=2&q=10086