Travel Document Examination

Control of the Authenticity and Validity of Travel Documents at Airport Borders - Level 1


ICAO forecasts a global scheduled passenger traffic increase from 3.5 billion in 2015 to 6.4 billion by 2030.

The increased passenger volume will impact an essential aspect of international air travel: travel document examination.


Providing quality and relevant training to front-line officers to perform travel document inspection is critical for global security, border control, and the facilitation of air transport. ICAO makes available to its Member States a Training Package entitled "Control of the Authenticity and Validity of Travel Documents at Airport Borders – Level 1".


Purpose of the Course

The purpose of this course is to consolidate the competencies of front-line inspection officers to examine travel documents effectively, allowing them to expedite the movements of legitimate travellers while intercepting high-risk individuals.


Learning Obejctives

 Upon successful completion of the course, the trainees will be able to:


  • describe the basic elements of a travel document;
  • identify the different types of fraud;
  • examine a travel document manually and visually to detect whether it is fraudulent or not; and
  • examine a travel document using an electronic document reader to detect whether it is fraudulent or not.


Target Population

Front-line inspection officers from immigration and border control authorities working in the airport environment.



4 Days


Language of Instruction

English and French


Mode of Delivery



Course Location

Member States are invited to host this training course to train their officers by sending an email to Training organizations, which are Members of the TRAINAIR PLUS Programme, can apply to host the course through the TRAINAIR PLUS Electronic Management System (TPEMS).



ICAO establishes international Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) on travel document-related issues outlined in Annex 9 — Facilitation to the Chicago Convention. ICAO Doc 9303, Machine Readable Travel Documents, contains current technical specifications for machine-readable passports, visas and ID cards (i.e. travel documents) used in crossing the borders.


This Training Package was developed to support Member States in implementing the ICAO Traveller Identification Programme (TRIP) Strategy, endorsed by the 38th Session of the Assembly in 2013.


By enhancing border security and control at airports, this training course assists Member States in implementing United Nations Security Council resolutions related to terrorism, including Resolution 2178 (2014) on Foreign Terrorist Fighters, which calls all Member States to “prevent the movement of terrorists or terrorist groups [...] through measures for preventing counterfeiting, forgery or fraudulent use of identity papers and travel documents”.


The development of this ICAO Training Package

was funded by the Government of Canada.


Connect with us: