History: Foundation of the European Office of ICAO

In practical application of the ICAO concept of Regions and regional Offices, in August 1946, PICAO established a temporary regional body in Paris which was located in the accommodation occupied by ICAN since 1922 (60 bis Avenue d'léna). With the official creation of ICAO in April 1947 this temporary regional body then became the European Office of ICAO and was made responsible for looking after air navigation matters in the European-Mediterranean (EUR) and North Atlantic (NAT) regions in accordance with directives from the Secretary General of ICAO and under the supervision of the Director of the Air Navigation Bureau.
 
The relationship between States and the ICAO Secretariat was organised so that, with regard to world-wide matters, States would correspond directly with ICAO Headquarters, which remained in Montreal, Canada. As to regional matters, normally only one Regional Office was accredited to one State and all correspondence on such matters by States was to be routed through that Office, even if it concerned other Regions than the ones for which the Office concerned was responsible. As to the States of a given region, these were classified either as "provider" or "user" States. Provider States were those which, while also using the air navigation facilities and services within a given Region were, in addition, physically located in that Region and had therefore to provide specific facilities and services, forming part of its air navigation system.
 
The European Office of ICAO
Avenue d'Iéna in Paris (1946-1965)
 
User States were those located outside the Region but whose national airlines or individuals conducted international operations within the Region concerned and who had therefore legitimate user interests in the Region. The relevant list of States was established by the Council of ICAO, based on requests from States concerned. It is, however, to be noted that, in taking decisions regarding regional matters, no difference was made between these two types of States.

To ensure that, in developing the air navigation system world-wide or on a regional basis, full account was taken of all available expertise, the Council of ICAO also decided that international organizations representing legitimate air navigation interests should be included in the consultative processes regarding that system and that due account should be taken of their representations.

As to the composition of the personnel forming the staff of a Regional Office, this should consist of nationals of as many States as possible, apart from possessing the required technical and other qualifications for the post concerned. In performing its functions, it was however expected that the personnel would, in no case, be influenced by national considerations but would only act in the interest of ICAO and thus of that of international air navigation.
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