The ICAO ICBWG was established in 2008 primarily to assist with the universal implementation of Machine-Readable Travel Documents (MRTD), and to build global capability in related identity management disciplines. With the establishment of the Traveller Identification Program (TRIP), the mandate of the ICBWG became much broader, incorporating advice and guidance for ICAO Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) across a range of travel document and border control/facilitation areas.
States may lack the knowledge, technical expertise or resources to implement ICAO SARPs. ICBWG assists states to comply with SARPs, invest in appropriate systems and technologies, and implement best practice processes to achieve global interoperability and security. ICBWG key focus is to ensure the ICAO 'No Country Left Behind' mandate is realised.
ICBWG has five enabling outcomes to assist ICAO Member States to uniquely identify individuals and enhance the security, integrity and efficiency of travel document and border clearance operations:
The ICBWG provides advice and assistance to the ICAO Secretariat in the implementation of the five elements of TRIP. This includes (but is not limited to) the following areas of activity: