Safety Management

​Given the increasing complexity of the global air transportation system and its interrelated aviation activities required to assure the safe operation of aircraft, ICAO supports the continued evolution of a proactive strategy to improve safety performance. The foundation of this proactive safety strategy is based on the implementation of a State safety programme (SSP) that systematically addresses safety risks.


Annex 19 Timeline




Global Aviation Safety Plan (GASP)


The Global Aviation Safety Plan (GASP) sets out a continuous improvement strategy for States to implement through the establishment of core, and then more advanced, aviation safety management elements to enable the continued development of the aviation system of the future. The broad objectives of the GASP and proposed timelines are set out below:


Target Date Broad Objective
(a) Near-Term (by 2017) Implementation of effective safety oversight systems
(b) Mid-Term (by 2022) Implementation of State safety programmes (SSP)
(c) Long-Term (by 2027) Predictive risk management


 Global Air Navigation Plan (GANP)


To ensure that continuous safety improvement and air navigation modernization continue to advance hand-in-hand, ICAO has developed a strategic approach linking progress in both areas. Additionally, the more efficient air routes, facilitated by performance-based procedures and advanced avionics, serve to significantly reduce aviation emissions – a key factor supporting today's more fuel-efficient, modern aircraft as aviation pursues its commitment to reduce its environmental impact.


The 2016-2030 ICAO Global Air Navigation Plan (GANP) presents all States with a comprehensive planning tool that supports a harmonized global Air Navigation system.




The uniform implementation of ICAO Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) is a fundamental tenet of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (the Chicago Convention) and forms the foundation of a safe global aviation system. The safety management SARPs are intended to assist States in managing aviation safety risks, in coordination with their aviation service providers. The safety management provisions support the continued evolution of a proactive strategy to improve safety performance. The foundation of this proactive safety strategy is based on the implementation of a State safety programme (SSP) that systematically addresses safety risks.



Guidance material


ICAO provides guidance material to support the interpretation and implementation of the established Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) related to State safety programmes (SSP) and safety management systems (SMS) for service providers.


The Safety Management Training Programme (SMTP) has been updated to reflect Amendment 1 to Annex 19 and uses a blended training approach combining e-learning and a hands on practitioner’s course. iStars Analysis Workshop introduces the use of ICAO's iStars collection of safety and efficiency datasets and web applications.


Examples and Best Practices

The 4th edition of the Safety Management Manual (SMM) (Doc 9859) will be published in two parts; the first part is to be contained in an ICAO document describing safety management fundamentals and concepts which will be complemented by an enhanced website with examples and best practices to support SSP and SMS implementation by States and service providers, respectively, as well as to support the use of proactive approaches for the management of safety.  




The implementation of SSP and SMS can be supported by the use of tools that can enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of safety management activities.


Symposiums and Seminars


To promote the dissemination of safety management SARPs, ICAO will deliver practical and customized informational events to the aviation community. Starting from 2018, there will be 3 safety management symposia followed by regional seminars to support the sharing and exchange of best practices. A symposium serves as a sharing  and discussion opportunity among safety management experts. Meanwhile, a seminar serves as a sharing and training opportunity in the region. 


Monitoring and Reporting

Regional Aviation Safety Groups (RASGs)


RASGs were established to improve global civil aviation safety and efficiency by applying the ICAO Global Aviation Safety Plan (GASP) principles through a collaborative and coordinated approach in partnership with all aviation stakeholders under the leadership of ICAO. RASGs serve as ICAO's focal points to promote the reduction of aviation safety risks through the involvement of all aviation safety stakeholders and the harmonization and coordination of efforts aimed at mitigating safety risks and promoting implementation of regional safety initiatives.


USOAP Continuous Monitoring Approach


ICAO initially published in 2014 "new Protocol Questions (PQs) related to safety management" to be used for audits and other continuous monitoring activities conducted under the Universal Safety Oversight Audit Programme (USOAP) Continuous Monitoring Approach (CMA). These PQs are being used to conduct voluntary and confidential assessments of SSP implementation at the request of ICAO member States. In July 2017, amended SSP-related PQs will be published by ICAO to reflect Amendment 1 of Annex 19, the 4th edition of the SMM and lessons learned to date.  Although Amendment 1 to Annex 19 does not become applicable until November 2019, select States will be approached by ICAO with a view to perform "SSP-focused audits" of these States in 2018 and 2019 on a voluntary but non confidential basis. These SSP-focused audits will be of limited scope and will use the amended SSP-related PQs. As of 2020, the USOAP CMA SSP-related PQs will be used to conduct SSP focused audits of the most mature States, which will need to meet the criteria to be established by ICAO, in line with the GASP.


Safety Promotion

​Promotional Videos


Promotional videos promote the implementation of safety management.


Promotional Flyers

Flyers are published in order to communicate information related to ICAO’s activities to support a proactive approach to managing safety.


ICAO References

​ICAO Annexes, Documents and other publications


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