a) Current major risks to international civil aviationb) Combating insider threat c) Effective sharing of information
a) Current major risks to international civil aviation
b) Combating insider threat
c) Effective sharing of information
The security threat to aviation is dynamic, as terrorists adapt to a changing security environment. While the threat varies from place to place, it is also extremely mobile. For example, the transportation of improvised explosives devices (IEDs) through the cargo system can result in IEDs taking unpredictable routes via States that do not regard themselves as being directly under threat. Moreover, there is evidence to suggest that terrorists have continued to seek insiders within the aviation industry to help facilitate attacks (as demonstrated by recent attacks). Against this backdrop, and taking into account risk-based and outcomes-focused approaches, the Conference will conclude on the need for a common and consistent global approach to dealing with the insider threat. The Conference will also discuss the importance of effective mechanisms to ensure that threat and risk information is shared with those who need it (between States and within States, including with industry).
The Conference will be invited to put forward recommendations on:
a) Promoting security culture b) Fostering resilience of aviation security systems c) Review of mechanisms to respond to new and evolving threatsd) Addressing cybersecurity
a) Promoting security culture
b) Fostering resilience of aviation security systems
c) Review of mechanisms to respond to new and evolving threats
d) Addressing cybersecurity
The Conference will discuss ways to ensure the promotion of effective security culture across all States and within every organization, which would contribute to preventing future acts of unlawful interference. However, it is also important that crisis response capabilities are at optimal levels when crisis events in aviation security do occur. Accordingly, the Conference will consider how the aviation security system could be more resilient against threats by having appropriate countermeasures and recognizing the value that exercises can bring to ensuring well‑executed recovery plans. Concrete actions to address emerging issues, including remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS) and chemical, biological and radiological (CBR) attacks will be sought. As regards to cybersecurity, the Conference will recognize the increasing importance of sharing cyber threat information by States to improve their security posture.
a) Status of the Global Aviation Security Planb) Coordination and delivery of assistance efforts
a) Status of the Global Aviation Security Plan
b) Coordination and delivery of assistance efforts
The Global Aviation Security Plan (GASeP) is the strategic document that guides States and stakeholders towards progressive aviation security enhancement. Its Roadmap outlines goals, targets, and tasks . The Conference will be presented with results arising from the various regional conferences relating to the GASeP and will be invited to consider the status of GASeP implementation to date, as reported by Member States, industry, and ICAO, to reaffirm commitment to meeting the goals and targets set forth in the Plan. The Conference will also recommend a vision for the future evolution of the GASeP, particularly whether the contents of the Plan could be expanded to also include security-related provisions of Annex 9 (Facilitation). To ensure effective implementation of the GASeP by States and stakeholders, the Conference will also consider prioritization of assistance and capacity development requirements, based on targets and performance indicators.
a vision for the future evolution of the GASeP;
the latest developments with regard to the GASeP, including a new indicator framework; and
ways to optimize ICAO coordination mechanisms of assistance delivery efforts by all concerned.
a) The need for complementary approaches in aviation safety and securityb) Security-related provisions of Annex 9 (Facilitation) c) Implementation of aviation security-related resolutions of the United Nationsd) Increasing synergies through inter-agency cooperation
a) The need for complementary approaches in aviation safety and security
b) Security-related provisions of Annex 9 (Facilitation)
c) Implementation of aviation security-related resolutions of the United Nations
d) Increasing synergies through inter-agency cooperation
This agenda item focuses on achieving synergies with other areas, such as safety of air navigation, having an important influence on global aviation security. A coordinated and holistic approach should be sought for all elements of the aviation sector. Similarly, the Conference will also consider how Annex 17 (Security) and Annex 9 (Facilitation) are interlinked; for example, how border security and aviation security objectives can complement one another given that criminals and terrorists use all modes of transportation, including commercial aviation, to travel internationally across borders and to carry out their missions. In seeking synergies with other areas, the manner in which national and international action in ensuring the security and integrity of passenger identity and border controls in support of global counter‑terrorism efforts coordinated by the United Nations (UN) and under the framework of UN Security Council resolution 2309 will be reviewed, and proposals for a strategic direction on the way forward would be considered.
a) Balancing effective security and passenger convenienceb) Practices that contribute to increased sustainabilityc) Costs and value of security to the global economy
a) Balancing effective security and passenger convenience
b) Practices that contribute to increased sustainability
c) Costs and value of security to the global economy
A significant challenge in security is to implement and ensure the appropriate level of aviation security, while also taking into consideration the acceptability of the measures themselves. The Conference will consider different approaches to security, recalling that passengers are at the heart of the aviation system. In this context, participants will recall that risk-based measures, proportionality of counter-measures and other similar best practices, can contribute significantly to the sustainability of aviation security measures. In order to ensure the sustainability of ICAO's aviation security initiatives, the Conference will consider the continuing need for financial and in-kind contributions to supplement ICAO Regular Programme Budget funds, in order to ensure that maximum efforts are made to assist States in addressing aviation security risks, and to overcome Annex 17 implementation challenges.