ICAO Competition Compendium

​​The Sixth Worldwide Air Transport Conference (ATConf/6), held from 18 to 22 March 2013, recommended that: “ICAO should develop a compendium of competition policies and practices in force nationally or regionally" (recommendation 2.4/1 g). 


This online Compendium of competition policies and practices has been developed by ICAO, based on the information collected from its Member States in form of a Competition Survey carried out in June 2015 and supplemented with research from publicly available information sources. In addition to individual States, information is also provided, whenever avaialable, on regional intergovernmental organizations.


The areas covered in the ICAO Competition Compendium are the following:​


1.  Competition policies

This part includes information on general competition laws, regulations and/or policies applicable to air transport activities, and aviation-specific competition laws, regulations, and/or policies whenever available.

Among the existing variety of such competition rules developed by States or regional groupings, the following broad categories are identified in particular whenever possible: 


- Anticompetitive agreements/arrangements​

- Abuse of dominant market position

- Mergers and acqusitions

- State aid​​

- Fair competition


2.  Competition practices

Practices here include any regulatory practices or action by States or regional bodies, other than national/regional laws and regulations, aimed at, or having the effect of, addressing competition-related issues, including, but not limited to, regulatory arrangements under bilateral air services agreements, cooperation arrangements between States/regions for dealing with competition matters, and model clauses on fair competition.​


The coverage and enhanced features of this Compendium was reflected in the lasted status report of ICAO Competition Compendium​ (January 2017).​ ​


This non-exhaustive Compendium was developed with a view to providing easy and quick access to relevant information. Whenever possible, hyperlinks are inserted as references. In certain cases, the material is only available in a language other than English.​


Considering the variety and complexity of topics involved, while every effort has been made to ensure the quality and accuracy of informaiton offered in this Compendium, it may not reflect the very lastest change at the first instant. 


In order for ICAO to keep enhancing the coverage and the quality of the information provided in this Compendium, States and relevant regional competition authorities are encouraged to submit contributions for additions, changes or updates to the Secretariat at: ecd@icao.int.


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