​Anticompetitive Behaviours

  1. Cooperation Agreements

    1. Many airlines have entered into commercial relationships with foreign/domestic airlines in order to be able to expand their networks and to remain competitive. These complex arrangements may include ticketing-and-baggage agreements, joint-fare agreements, dry leases, wet leases, reciprocal airport agreements, blocked space relationships, computer reservations systems joint ventures, joint sales offices and telephone centers,
      e-commerce joint ventures, frequent flyer program alliances, code-sharing, coordination of pricing and scheduling, pooling of traffic and revenue, and more recently, metal neutral joint ventures.
    2. Such agreements can have adverse effects on users and competition in certain conditions if no appropriate control mechanisms are put in place to prevent unfair competition practices. Anti-competitive practices, such as cartels, may also have negative impacts. Effective Competition rules and review procedures are required to preserve consumer welfare and ensure fair competition. 


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