The purpose of the RPAS Manual is to provide guidance on the technical and operational issues applicable to the integration of RPA into non-segregated airspace and at aerodromes.
The competency requirements for remote pilots must reflect the risk level of the operations. Several levels of requirements can be proposed, as for example:
Encourage contact between CAAs, manufacturers and operators. CAA personnel will have to understand technical questions concerning UAS and be experts for operational questions.
CAAs should develop regulation presentations including economic development and benefits. Presentations need to be regularly updated and be widely disseminated within the organization for use as necessary with stakeholders, other organizations and their own personnel. Statistics are often required from CAAs such as number of professional operators, professional UAS, UAS types, including recreational.
Automated technology requires different skills than traditional aircraft; flying the UA requires less skill than their manned counterparts but other skill sets of flight programming and unusual situational awareness are required. Remote pilots may not be aware of the need to acquire professional aviation knowledge.
Note. - The information below (3.3 - 3.9) is a simplified overview of considerations for remote pilot licensing and training
The regulation may define a minimum age for remote pilot applicants.
Remote pilot practical training objectives should be defined in the regulation, including:
The organization conducting the training may issue a certificate stating that flight training has been successfully completed.
BVLOS operations are often more complex and pose higher risk than VLOS operations and may require greater skill and knowledge levels on the part of the remote pilot.
A determination should be made if approval is needed for the training facility. Other options can be:
Should a medical standard be defined for remote pilots conducting low risk VLOS operations? Third class medical standards are being proposed by some States for remote pilots by some States.
ICAO Annex 1 provides medical standards and recommended practices for remote pilots conducting international, IFR operations.
States should consider how, or if, they, would provide credit towards a UAS/RPAS licence based on their existing manned aviation licensing system and whether they will recognize UAS/RPAS licences held by pilots from other States.
ICAO formed an advisory group in March 2016 to share best practices and to assist States in the development of guidance material regarding UAS operations. In addition to continuing to develop guidance materials for UAS operations the UAS Advisory Group is also developing guidance material on the development and deployment of UAS Traffic Management (UTM) systems. UTM guidance material can be found at: https://www.icao.int/safety/UA/Pages/UTM-Guidance.aspx.