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6. Top 3 misconceptions about CORSIA.
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6. Top 3 misconceptions about CORSIA.
Given the fact that CORSIA will be the first of its kind applicable to a whole industry sector (international aviation), lack of familiarity with the topic can sometimes lead to wrong interpretations of the nature of the scheme. When trying to put in context the implementation of CORSIA, certain misconceptions are repeatedly used; the most frequent ones are listed below:
1. The aviation sector is not included in UNFCCC’s Paris Agreement.
Emissions from domestic aviation are considered under the UNFCCC. Therefore, Parties to the UNFCCC have the possibility of addressing these emissions in their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement, as part of their actions aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions from domestic sources. As a specialized UN agency to address all matters related to international aviation, including environmental protection, ICAO has been diligently addressing emissions from international aviation.
In the spirit of cooperation between the two international treaties, ICAO provides information to the UNFCCC process on a regular basis, on international aviation emissions and on the activities undertaken to address these emissions.
2. The international aviation sector accounts for more than 2 per cent of greenhouse gas emissions.
According to most recent figures from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), aviation (domestic and international) accounts for approximately 2 per cent of global CO2 emissions produced by human activity.
On the other hand, international aviation is responsible for approximately 1.3 per cent of global CO2 emissions. CORSIA is part of a broader package defined by ICAO and its Member States as a basket of measures to address that 1.3 per cent of global CO2 emissions. Implementation of this basket of measures will contribute to the achievement of ICAO’s global aspirational goal of keeping the global net CO2 emissions from international aviation from 2020 at the same level.
3. Agreement on the CORSIA does not contribute to the level of ambition set by the Paris Agreement.
CORSIA will address CO2 emissions from international aviation, which are not included under the UNFCCC and its Paris Agreement, and therefore are not included in countries’ Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement.
Agreement on a global MBM scheme for international aviation (CORSIA) therefore
the level of ambition set by the 2015 UNFCCC Paris Agreement.
Agreement on CORSIA would constitute the most significant climate agreement since adoption of the Paris Agreement, and a resolute step from the international community in its efforts to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions by taking sector-wide action at a global level.
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