Based on States’ direct return on experience, ICAO has been able to identify the top 10 reasons for developing and submitting a State Action Plan:
First, a State nominates a State Action Plan Focal Point, usually from the DGCA. He/she will coordinate the development of the State Action Plan and interact with ICAO and all of the key aviation stakeholders. These stakeholders can include:
The degree and nature of collaboration among these stakeholders is a key aspect of successfully developing and implementing a State Action Plan. Collecting information from these stakeholders and consolidating this input into a State Action Plan ensures that the development of the plan is based on a cooperative process and that the measures contained therein are accurate, comprehensive, and feasible to implement.
At a minimum the following information is contained in a State Action Plan:
Contact information for the officially nominated State Action Plan Focal Point;
Baseline Scenario: Projected international aviation traffic for the State, fuel consumption and CO2 emissions for the State until 2050 (without action);
List of selected measures proposed for mitigating CO2 emissions from international civil aviation;
Expected Results: Estimated impact of the selected mitigation measures on the baseline until 2050; and
Identification of any assistance needs (financial, technological, training, etc.) for the State.
States that have not yet developed, or are in the process of developing, a State Action Plan are also invited to inform ICAO of their interest in being matched with a Supporting State through the Buddy Programme.
ICAO has developed a draft agreement of cooperation aiming to establish a model framework by which ICAO Member States can help other Member State(s) to prepare and submit a State Action Plan. It aims to facilitate the development of international cooperation among ICAO Member States.
States interested in participating in the ICAO State Action Plan Buddy Programme are invited to contact ICAO at
Status of Action Plan
Submitted to ICAO
Posted on the ICAO website
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
This guidance document has been developed specifically for use by the officially nominated State Action Plan Focal Point of each State. It was developed with the goal of accommodating the various levels of experience among States in the development of similar national reports. This document provides step-by-step guidance on how to develop an action plan. It is expected that in addition to facilitating the preparation of an action plan, this guide will contribute to improving the reporting of CO2 emissions and the implementation of mitigation projects for international aviation. A review of the guidance document is under way, to reflect the feedback received from States who developed plans based on the First Edition of this Document, feedback from ICAO Council, as well as observations from the action plans that were submitted to ICAO.
This website includes:
The web interface also allows States to securely upload their State Action Plans and/or additional supporting documentation directly to ICAO as electronic documents.
ICAO proposes to States, through the Technical Cooperation Bureau (TCB), a technology transfer. Technology transfer refers to the transmission of skills, knowledge and technologies.
As example of technology transfer, ICAO provides services of international consultants and instructors and also establishment and development of Civil Aviation Training Centres (CATCs).
ICAO Environment Branch has developed different tools helping to calculate Carbon Emissions (ICAO Carbon Emissions Calculator, ICAO Meeting Emissions Calculator) and estimate fuel saving (ICAO Fuel Savings Estimation Tool). Furthermore, Technical Cooperation Bureau (TCB) provide technical support to States. TCB has expertise in Air Traffic Management Systems, Airport efficiency and infrastructure (i.e. Power generation, minimizing taxiing distance, etc.), and so on. For more information on TCB fields, please visit ICAO TCB website
States can conduct some research on different topics, such as alternative fuels (for more information on alternative fuel, please visit the
GFAAF website). Another good source of information is the
ICAO 2016 Environmental Report. ICAO can also provide some assistance like providing data, records, etc.
ICAO is working to promote and develop capacity building programs, such as:► European UnionICAO and the European Union signed a Declaration of Intent, affirming their collaboration on assistance and capacity building activities to support measures to mitigate CO2 emissions produced by the international aviation.
► UNDP - GEFThe Global Environmental facility (GEF) has approved the project concept, and has earmarked USD 2 million toward a new joint assistance initiative between the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and ICAO to reduce aviation emissions.
Tel: +221 33 869 24 22
ICAO provides different workshops and seminars around the world. Special training can also be requested from States. By knowing States’ needs in term of training, ICAO will be able to organize more specific meetings. For any examples of seminar or symposium, please visit
Assistance for Action – Aviation and Climate Change Seminar and ICAO Symposium on Aviation and Climate Change,
Destination Green, and
Global Aviation Partnerships on Emissions Reductions (E-GAP) Seminar. For ongoing and past seminars or workshops, please visit the following website:
To propose any requested needs, please contact ICAO at
In line with the task given to AFCAC by the Plenary at the 26th AFCAC Extra-Ordinary Session which was held in Gaborone, Botswana from 10-11 November, 2016 to ensure that all AFCAC member States develop and submit to ICAO, their States’ Action Plans on CO2 emissions reduction activities before June 2018, the Secretariat of AFCAC liaised with ICAO, ECOWAS, and SADC to organize Workshops on the Development of States’ Action Plans on CO2 emissions mitigation activities and CORSIA specifically targeted at member States accredited to ICAO WACAF and ESAF Regions and ECOWASA and SADC member States.
ICAO organized 5 Regional Seminars in 2017, with a view to provide national action plan focal points and aviation industry stakeholders with practical input on the calculation of the CO2 emissions baseline and other quantification aspects.
With a view to supporting its member States in their efforts to take action on aviation and climate change, on 1 April 2014 ICAO launched a series of back-to-back ICAO “International Aviation and Environment” and “States’ Action Plans” Seminars.These back-to-back Seminars were conducted in each ICAO Region.
Between 2011 and 2012, ICAO organized several regional training workshops, during which 91 States representing 93% of global international air traffic were trained (see table and Figure 1). During these workshops, focal points were trained to use the action plan template and the Web interface, and were asked to provide feedback on Doc 9988. ICAO also worked directly with individual States and national action plan focal points to assist in the development of action plans.