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La última Edición del Reporte de Seguridad Operacional de la OACI confirma que el 2017 fue año más seguro para la aviaciónNews001.jpg

Latest Edition of ICAO Safety Report Confirms 2017 As Aviation's Safest Year

 

By Uniting Aviation  On Sep 5, 2018

 

ICAO works in partnership with the international aviation community to improve safety, with an emphasis on improving safety performance through standardization, monitoring and implementation. The 2018 edition of the ICAO Safety Report, released this week, provides a high level summary of ICAO's safety initiatives and achievements to enhance aviation safety in 2017, along with key safety performance indicators pertaining to the 2013–2017-time period.

 

In 2017, there were 4.1 billion passengers travelling by air worldwide on scheduled commercial services. Tragically, these flights resulted in 50 fatalities. Nonetheless, this rate of 12.2 fatalities per billion passengers represents the safest year ever on the record for aviation. The number of fatal accidents also decreased, to 5 from 7 in 2016, which is also the lowest on the recent record. Despite a spike in fatalities due to a number of acts of unlawful interference in 2014 and the tragic events which caused significant loss of life in 2015, there was a general trend of lower number of fatal accidents and fatalities over the past ten years.

The effective implementation (EI) of ICAO Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) and Procedures for Air Navigation Services (PANS) is key to the safety, security and sustainability of flight and aviation development. The ICAO Universal Safety Oversight Audit Programme (USOAP) Continuous Monitoring Approach (CMA) measures each of ICAO's 192 member States' EI; the 2018 Safety Report shows that the global EI average increased from 64.7 per cent in 2016 to 65.5 per cent in 2017, and 69.19 per cent of the States have achieved the target of 60 per cent EI, as suggested by the Global Aviation Safety Plan (GASP) 2017–2019 edition. The Report also shows that in 2017, the number of Significant Safety Concerns (SSCs) was halved from 8 in 8 States in 2016 to 4 in 4 States.

 

ICAO is committed to building on this momentum of improving aviation safety and enabling seamless cooperation and communication among stakeholders. The Organization is particularly focused on its safety priorities, which include Runway Safety, Controlled Flight into Terrain (CFIT), Loss of Control Inflight (LOCI), and is continuing to promote the development and implementation of new safety initiatives.

Partnership and cooperation will continue to be key in this regard. ICAO will therefore pursue collaboration with established regional bodies/organizations, such as Regional Aviation Safety Groups (RASGs), Regional Safety Oversight Organizations (RSOOs) and Regional Accident and Incident Investigation Organizations (RAIOs), and the promotion and development of the capacity building and implementation support necessary to address emerging safety issues.

 

The current and previous editions of the ICAO Safety Report can be downloaded here.

 

La última Edición del Reporte de Seguridad Operacional de la OACI confirma que el 2017 fue año más seguro para la aviación

 

Por Uniting Aviation  En sep 5, 2018

 

La OACI trabaja en colaboración con la comunidad aeronáutica internacional para mejorar la seguridad operacional, especialmente en mejorar el rendimiento en seguridad operacional por medio de la estandarización, monitoreo e implementación. La edición 2018 del Reporte de Seguridad Operaicoal de la OACI, publicado esta semana, provee un resumen de alto nivel de los logros e iniciativas de la OACI para mejorar la seguridad operacional de la aviación en 2017, además incluye una serie de indicadores clave sobre rendimiento de la seguridad operaiconal correspondientes al periodo 2013-2017.

 

En el 2017 viajaron a través del mundo un total de 4,000 millones de pasajeros en vuelos de transporte aéreo comercial regular. Trágicamente, el resultado de todos estos vuelos fue de 50 fatalidades. Pese a ello, esta tasa de 12.2 fatalidades por cada 1,000 millones de pasajeros, representa el año más seguro para la aviación desde que existen registros. El número de accidentes fatales también se redujo de los 7 que hubieron en 2016, a 5 que hubieron en 2017, lo que también representa la cifra más baja registrada. Pese al incremento  de fatalidades debido a actos de interferencia ilícita en 2014 y los eventos trágicos que causaron pérdidas significativas de vidas en 2015, existe una tendencia general decreciente de accidentes fatales y fatalidades en los últimos 10 años.

 

La aplicación eficaz (EI) de las Normas y Métodos reocmendados (SARPs) de la OACI y de los Procedimientos para los Servicios de Navegación Aérea (PANS) es fundamental para la seguridad operacional, seguridad contra actos de interferencia ilícita y la sostenibilidad de los vuelos y el desarrollo de la aviación. El Enfoque de Monitoreo Continuo (SMO) del Programa universal OACI de auditoría de la vigilancia de la seguridad operacional (USOAP) mide el nivel de aplicación eficaz de cada uno de los 192 Estados miembros de la OACI; el Reporte de Seguridad Operacional 2018 muestra que el promedio global de aplicación eficaz se incrementó de 64.7 por ciento en 2016, a 69.19 por ciento en 2017, y que el 69.19 por ciento de los Estados superó la meta de 60 por ciento de EI, de acuerdo con la Edición 2017-2019 del Plan Global de Seguridad Operacional (GASP).  El Reporte también muestra que en 2017, el número de Preocupaciones Significativas de Sguridad Operacional (SSC) se redujo a la mitas de 8 en 8 Estados en 2016, a 4 en 4 Estados en 2017.

La OACI está comprometida en intensificar esta tendencia positiva de mejoras a la seguridad operacional y de facilitar la cooperación y comunicación entre las partes interesadas. La Organización está particularmente enfocada en las prioridades de seguridad operacional, que incluyen Seguridad Operaiconal en Pista, Vuelo Controlado hacia el Terreno sin Pérdida de Control (CFIT), Périda de Control en Vuelo (LOC-I), y continua promoviendo el desarrolllo y la implementación de nuevas iniciativas de seguridad operacional.

 

Los acuerdos estratégicos y la cooperación continuarán siendo elementos clave para este fin. La OACI profundizará la colaboración con las organizaciones regionales establecidas, tales como los Grupos Reigonales de Sgueiad Operaicones (RASGs), las Organizaciones Regionales para la Vigilancia de la Seguridad Operaiconal (RSOOs), y las Organizaciones Regionales para la Investigación de Accidentes (RAIOs), así como la promoción y desarrollo de de la contrucción de competencias y el apoyo para la implementación necesarios para gesitonar adecuadamente los aspectos emergentes relacionados con la seguridad operacional.

La edición actaul del Reporte de Seguridad Operacional e la OACI, así como las anteriores, pueden descargarse aquí.

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New Global Runway Safety Action Plan Launched

By Uniting Aviation on July 20, 2018

With runway safety and in particular, runway excursions and incursions, remaining among civil aviation’s top safety risk categories, ICAO and its Runway Safety Programme Partners focussed  when they launched a new Global Runway Safety Action Plan (GRSAP) at the Second Global Runway Safety Symposium (GRSS2017).

“Runway safety has been a global aviation priority for more than 15 years, and this new action plan is an important outcome of the detailed analysis of runway risk factors recently undertaken by ICAO,” commented ICAO Secretary General Dr. Fang Liu.

Runway safety-related accidents continue to represent the most significant source of aviation accidents worldwide and remain aviation’s number one safety risk category. Over the past eight years, about half of all aviation accidents reported to ICAO were runway safety related. Of those runway-related accidents, 35 percent were the result of a runway excursion, which occurs when an aircraft veers off or overruns the runway.

The good news in recent years is that accidents related to runway safety have resulted in relatively low numbers of fatalities, despite being the highest percentage of accidents. Much of that success can be accredited to the work of ICAO’s collaborative Runway Safety Programme and stakeholders’ efforts, such as the establishment of Runway Safety Teams at airports. Still, with global air traffic predicted to double in the next 15 years, it’s important to continue efforts to reduce runway-related risks to as low as possible.

“Regardless of the success achieved thus far, the numbers still reveal for us that we have more work to do to fully mitigate runway-related risks,” Dr. Liu emphasized.

The new GRSAP will guide the integrated activities of States, airports, airlines, air navigation service providers and manufacturers to implement runway safety improvement and risk reduction measures, with an overall objective of reducing runway safety related fatalities and accidents globally.

The GRSAP targets and timelines have been developed to support the runway safety targets already established under ICAO’s Global Aviation Safety Plan (GASP), which is looked to by aviation safety specialists all over the world as a high-level strategic tool to help align international actions and initiatives and avoid duplication of efforts.

RUNWAY SAFETY PARTNER SUCCESSES

The GRSS2017 in Peru also provided an opportunity for ICAO and the Runway Safety Programme Partners to inform participants on the latest runway safety innovations and achievements. Airports Council International (ACI) informed participants about its Airport Excellence Programme (APEX), which is an on-site assessment of an airport conducted by industry peers and provides airports access to a global network of expertise with support, training and mentoring. The International Air Transport Association (IATA) described development of the second edition of their Runway Excursion Risk Reduction Toolkit (RERR). The Civil Air Navigation Services Organisation (CANSO) highlighted the launch of the latest edition of its Standard of Excellence in Safety Management Systems Maturity Questionnaire.

Eurocontrol used the opportunity of the GRSS2017 to launch its third edition of the European Action Plan for the Prevention of Runway Incursions (EAPPRI). This version recognizes the emergence of EU provisions intended to improve runway safety in Europe, while continuing to recognize ICAO Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPS), making it suitable for universal application.

It was also encouraging to see aircraft manufacturers continue to work on developing systems to prevent runway overruns. Airbus and Boeing presented their respective systems: Airbus’ Runway Overrun Prevention System (ROPS) and Boeing’s Runway Situation Awareness Tools (RSAT). The development of these systems and other runway safety technologies, such as the Engineered Materials Arrestor System (EMAS) installed at airports with short runways and small overrun areas, can greatly reduce the number of runway-related occurrences and their severity when they do occur.

The FAA Academy in partnership with ICAO TRAINAIR recently developed a standardized training package on “Runway Incursion Prevention” and conducted the first course in Lima ahead of the GRSS2017.

GLOBAL RUNWAY SAFETY ACTION PLAN (GRSAP)

In early 2017 the Runway Safety Programme Partners established the Runway Safety Action Plan Working Group (RSAP-WG) with the aim of reviewing the RSP achievements, objectives and priorities, and to develop the GRSAP.

Through a review and analysis of runway safety occurrence data, the RSAP-WG identified runway excursions and runway incursions as the top high-risk occurrence categories for runway safety. The GRSAP provides recommended actions for all runway safety stakeholders, with the aim of reducing the global rate of runway excursions and runway incursions.

In line with safety management principles, the RSAP-WG conducted an analysis of available runway safety accident and serious incident data and conducted a risk assessment to identify the runway safety high-risk categories, in order to prioritize the efforts of the Runway Safety Programme.

The analysis identified runway excursions as the highest-risk category with a total risk weight significantly higher than all other categories.

ICAO and Runway Safety Partners also identified runway incursions as a high-risk category. Although the number of runway incursion accidents reported between the period of 2008 to 2016 was low, the number of runway incursion incidents remains high (at a rate of one report per day according to IATA STEADES data). There is a very high fatality risk associated with runway incursion accidents. The collision between two B747s at Los Rodeos Airport, Tenerife, in 1977 was the result of a runway incursion and remains the worst accident in aviation history, with the highest number of fatalities.

The GRSAP provides recommended actions for all runway safety stakeholders, including ICAO and its runway safety programme partners, State Civil Aviation Authorities, Regional Aviation Safety Groups (RASGs), aircraft operators, aerodrome operators, air navigation service providers and the aerospace industry. Although the actions detailed in the GRSAP are aimed at reducing the global rate of runway excursions and runway incursions, regions, States and industry will have their own unique challenges, and should regularly conduct their own analyses to identify their own operational safety risks and appropriate mitigations.

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