SL 20/135 Subject: Sixteenth Symposium on the ICAO Traveller Identification Programme (TRIP) and First Joint International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL) Passenger Data Exchange Forum, Montréal, Canada, 25 to 28 May 2021

Game-Changing Technologies Driving Seamless Border Management

In order to enable increases in traveller volumes, while at the same time mitigating security risks, air industry, border control authorities, and travel document issuing agencies are looking for more efficient and secure ways to identify and process travellers. While harnessing the capabilities and opportunities afforded by new and emerging technologies, the focus of the Symposium is to incorporate technology with the interdependent elements of the ICAO TRIP Strategy and hence maximize the benefits of using digital representation.

Overall picture - focus on border control management. The Symposium will place an emphasis on ensuring that traveller identification technologies respond to the threats, challenges and opportunities of the current travel environment. This will include discussions on ICAO’s newly-established global specifications for Visible Digital Seals (VDS), which provide global interoperability for States and aircraft operators based on ICAO Doc 9303 specifications across digital devices and systems. One possible use case for the VDS is a COVID-19 international vaccination certificate, which could be stored on a smart device or inserted into a passport similarly to a visa. The data in a VDS is cryptographically signed and the ICAO Public Key Directory (PKD) offers one possible source of the barcode signer public key certificates. It is expected that traveller identification technology will be aligned with the future needs of borders’ management at airports.

a) Evidence of identity. Today we live in an interconnected world through mobile phones and the internet. Both technology and generational changes are likely to have an impact on how legal identity could be packaged and shared in the future. Already smartphones are capable of verifying physical identity using biometrics stored in interconnected central civil registry eco-systems. Automation allows for credible evidence of identity involving the tracing and verification of identity against breeder documents to ensure the authenticity of identity;

b) Machine Readable Travel Documents (MRTDs). The future generation of travel documents will introduce the ability to add data to the electronic component of the passport after issuance, in order to load and read information such as biometric data or electronic visas and entry/exit stamps during its lifetime. This storage area, also known as logical data structure version 2.0 (LDS2) is to be standardized in the coming months, which will enhance the benefits of modern, integrated visa management and border management systems. It is a huge opportunity to expedite inspection while also enhancing security by enabling immigration officers to quicklyand efficiently check passengers’ visa and travel history by retrieving data from the chip;

c) Document issuance and control. The digitization of traditional paper-based processes is the new trend. Electronic visa travel systems, secure credentials on mobile phones and biometrics can simplify international travel as they eliminate the need to carry a physical passport or obtain paper-based visas. Appropriate authorities and or issuing authorities are moving towards centralized, thoroughly modernized systems for document issuance with an aim to better utilize the technologies that are available, including electronic verification of the passport and biometric identification capture, automation through borders via e-gates or kiosks, and eVisa application, issuance and usage to better manage the flow and tracking of the authorized holders, while ensuring that controls are in place to prevent theft, tampering and loss;

d) Inspection systems and tools. Inspection systems and tools for the efficient and secure reading and verification of MRTDs and eMRTDs, including use of the ICAO Public Key Directory (PKD) and increased implementation of the Automated Border Control (ABC) gates; and

e) Interoperable applications. Combining ePassport data, biometric recognition, PKD and the use of ABCs opens the possibility of automating partially or fully the passenger identification process through thetraveller’s journey. This is made possible thanks to globally interoperable applications and protocols that provide for timely, secure and reliable linkage of MRTDs and their holders to available and relevant data in the course of inspection operations. A special focus on passenger data exchange such as, advance passenger information (API) and passenger name record (PNR) and the need for cooperation and data sharing to ensure the integrity of passport issuance and border controls, demonstrated by the effective use of the INTERPOL Stolen and Lost Travel Documents (SLTD) database will be highlighted in the Symposium.

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