There are major areas where support to States might be needed, such as the establishment of systems for the monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) of emissions, or the development of national and regional registries.
With regard to the support for the implementation of a MRV system, the following provisions are included in the draft Assembly Resolution text:
In this context, it is worth noting that as part of ICAO-EU partnership project to assist the development of State Action Plans in 14 African and Caribbean States, the Aviation Environmental System (AES) has been developed and operationalized in each of those States, which provides a tool to allow States to monitor CO2 emissions from international aviation at the State level. The AES could be adapted to support the preparation and implementation of the MRV system within the global MBM scheme.
With regard to the support for the implementation of registries, the following provisions are included in the draft Assembly Resolution text: