THE POSTAL HISTORY OF ICAO

 

ICAO and the United Nations

 

At the Chicago Conference, the drafters of the Convention on International Civil Aviation had anticipated the emergence of a United Nations type of post-war organization and had written into the Convention a provision covering the possibility of ICAO becoming a constituent of such organization. Article 64 of the Chicago Convention signed on 7 December 1944 reads as follows: “The Organization may, with respect to air matters within its competence directly affecting world security, by vote of the Assembly, enter into appropriate arrangements with any general organization set up by the nations of the world to preserve peace.”

 

Mali – 10 November 1975

30th Anniversary of UN Charter

UN emblem and names of the Specialized Agencies (including OACI, Organisation de l’aviation civile internationale, in the right branch of the letter N) forming the acronym ONU (Organisation des Nations Unies)

At the first ICAO Assembly held in May 1947, a resolution was adopted that enabled the President of the Council to sign a protocol for the bringing into force of an agreement concerning such a relationship between the United Nations (UN) and ICAO. President Warner signed the protocol on 3 October 1947. ICAO became a Specialized Agency in relationship with the UN, and thereby joined the UN family. By this agreement, each organization undertakes to fulfil certain requirements whereby the other may participate in its work in the measure required for fulfilment of certain articles of the Chicago Convention and the Charter of the UN.

 

While ICAO remained an independent and autonomous agency, its acquisition of constituency status in the United Nations Organization was a major step, which greatly benefited many of its Contracting States in the years that followed, mainly through the United Nations Programme of Technical Assistance.

 

The UN family of organizations, i.e. the United Nations system, is made up of the UN Secretariat, the UN Programmes and Funds (such as UNICEF, UNHCR, WFP, or UNDP) and the Specialized Agencies (such ILO, UNESCO, WHO, WMO, FAO, IMO, ITU, UPU or ICAO).

 

As a Specialized Agency of the UN, ICAO works closely with the UN, and particularly with the Economic and Social Council. Moreover for its technical activities, ICAO works closely too with certain of the Specialized Agencies, such as:

1.     The International Telecommunications Union (ITU);

2.    The World Meteorological Organization (WMO);

3.    The World Health Organization (WHO);

4.    The Universal Postal Union (UPU); and

5.    The International Labour Organization (ILO).

 

In the ICAO collection, several countries observed the close cooperation of the UN family by issuing first day covers (FDC) showing the relationship between the members of the family. The circumstances of those issues varied, e.g. the United Nations Day (24 October), or the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (10 December 1948). 

 

Congo - First day cover dated 10 December 1958

(Afrique Équatoriale Française or French Equatorial Africa in 1958)

10th Anniversary of UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Black cachet

 

Liberia – 17 December 1958

10th Anniversary of UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights

UN emblem and initials of UN Agencies (with ICAO’s name, in the upper-right corner)

 

Brazil - First day cover dated 24 October 1970

25th Anniversary of the United Nations

The UN family’s tree (with ICAO’s name, on the lower-left side)

The stamp strip reads: Peace, Justice, Progress.

 

Costa Rica – 24 October 1961- United Nations Day - The UN family

Note that the acronyms in the cachet are spelled in French and that the acronym BIRF should have been written BIRD for Banque internationale pour la reconstruction et le développement (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development - IBRD).

 

Republic of Korea - 30 May 1971

The world of United Nations Organizations

 

Equatorial Guinea - 24 October 1975

30th Anniversary of the United Nations

UN and UN Specialized Agencies emblems

(including ICAO preliminary emblem with larger wings)

 

Bhutan - 24 October 1985

40th Anniversary of the United Nations

Preamble to the UN Charter; has bright blue margins

picturing the emblems of the UN agencies

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