In addition to the numerous projects provided by Member States of the European Union (EU) to other ICAO Member States, the EU is involved in a number of assistance projects in aviation safety. EU assistance targets improving the level of safety in States and regional organizations that lack resources or technical expertise. Projects are financed, and sometimes managed, by the European Commission. The key partner of the European Commission in this work is the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA).
The EU is involved in a number of initiatives to support States in in fulfilling ICAO safety standards. Such initiatives include the Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA-II) in South Eastern Europe to ensure an appropriate regulatory framework for aviation safety in the region; the Transport Corridor Europe-Caucasus-Asia (TRACECA) focused on capacity-building of civil aviation authorities; the Mediterranean Aviation Safety Cell (MASC) promoting harmonization of safety standards, rules and procedures as well as collection, exchange and analysis of safety data.
The EU recently launched the “Support to the Improvement of Aviation Safety in Africa” (SIASA) programme to assists States in improving the implementation of ICAO safety standards and in resolving safety deficiencies, including Significant Safety Concerns (SSCs). The programme also supports regional safety oversight organizations (RSOO) in Africa.
In Asia, the EU also finances a number of aviation projects in India and China and specific regional initiatives, including the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), South Asian Regional Initiative (SARI) and South East Asia Regional Initiative Forum (SEARIF).
Technical assistance is also provided through “twinning projects” whereby the EU finances part of the projects and the technical support is given by European aviation authorities. Current twinning projects are being implemented in Georgia, Ukraine, Morocco and Algeria.