A number of ICAO Member States have difficulties in resolving their safety deficiencies due to lack of financial, technical and/or qualified human resources. ICAO facilitates assistance through the Cooperative Development of Operational Safety and Continuing Airworthiness Programmes (COSCAPs) and supports Regional Safety Oversight Organizations (RSOOs), through which groups of States can collaborate and share resources to improve their safety oversight capabilities.In addition, ICAO the establishment
of Regional Accident and Incident Investigation Organizations (RAIOs) which can provide economies of scale by allowing the pooling and sharing
of required resources which would allow States with insufficient resources to
undertake effective investigations, thus fulfilling their obligations under Article
26 of the Chicago Convention.
As an integral part of the GASP, Regional Aviation Safety Groups (RASGs), together with COSCAPs and RSOOs harmonize all activities aimed to address aviation safety issues in each ICAO region.
COSCAPs and RSOOs play an important role by supporting the establishment and operation of a performance-based safety system by analyzing safety information and hazards to aviation at regional level and reviewing the action plans developed within the region.
There is a growing number of COSCAPs and RSOOs, several of which are already well established and operational in regions around the world, while States are expected to become fully operational over the next few years.
Along with the RASGs, they built upon the achievements of existing sub-regional safety organizations and facilitate the exchange of best practices, cooperation and collaboration using a top-down approach—complementing the bottom-up approach of planning by sub-regions, States and industry.
USOAP audits have highlighted that many States do not have the resources necessary to investigate the full range of aircraft accidents and incidents and to carry out thorough analyses of the accident and incident data received. For such States, the establishment of a regional accident and incident investigation organization (RAIO), or the creation of a regional pool of qualified investigators, may be the only solutions to achieving the effective implementation of an investigation and prevention system.
2011 RSOO Symposium