Aviation Fuels Documentation

expand Category: Economics
A techno-economic review of hydroprocessed renewable esters and fatty acids for jet fuel production

This work reviews HEFA fuel production, and estimates the gate price of fuel for several plant sizes and operating conditions. <br>While feedstock cost is the most significant portion of fuel cost, facility size, financing, and capacity utilization also influence production costs.
Matthew Pearlson, Christoph Wollersheim and James Hileman / MIT2013


expand Category: Overview and synthesis
Review of the potential for biofuels in aviation

This report presents the results of a study performed by E4Tech for the Committee on Climate Change (CCC), an independent body which provides advice to UK Government on defining and setting carbon budgets, and on wider climate change issues. The study assessed the potential for biofuels in aviation lobally, in terms of the potential uptake, and <br>associated greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions savings.
A. Bauen, J. Howes, L. Bertuccioli, C. Chudziak - E4tech (for CCC)2009
Flight Path to Sustainable Aviation - Sustainable Aviation Fuel Roadmap



Flightpath to Aviation Biofuel in Brazil: Action Plan

Boeing, Embraer, FAPESP and UNICAMP2013
Meeting the UK aviation target – options for reducing emissions to 2050

This Report sets out advice on the implications of the aviation target. It analyses the potential to reduce the carbon intensity of air travel through technological improvements in airframe and engine design, through operational efficiency improvements and through the use of sustainable biofuels.
Committee on Climate Change2009


Sustainable Aviation Biofuels - Summary

The report «Sustainable Aviation Biofuel in Norway» has been commissioned by Avinor, SAS, Norwegian and The Federation of Norwegian Aviation Industries The report sets the stage for a new knowledge basis for production of sustainable biofuel for aviation in Norway. The goal has been to assess the possibilities for profitable and sustainable production of Jet A-1 in Norway within 2020-25. <br>The whole value chain has been considered, from cultivation and harvesting of feedstocks, processing and refining, to fuel delivered at the airport. <br>Full study documentation can be access on Avinor website&nbsp;&nbsp; (main report are in Norvegian)


Australian feedstock and production capacity to produce sustainable aviation fuel

Qantas and Shell, with the support of the Australian Renewable Energy Agency (Arena), conducted a study to investigate the conditions under which an Australian-based SAF industry could be commercially feasible. <br>The project scope was specifically designed to review the <br>commercial and long-term viability of SAF, using certified refining technology and infrastructure in Australia.
JFK Green Lane Program - Evaluation Program

This report provides an evaluation of the JFK Green Lane 26 weeks program during which the weekly KL 642 flights leaving JFK International Airport were fuelled with sustainable jet fuels.


Sustainable Aviation Fuels - Potential for the UK aviation industry

The report was commissioned by Sustainable Aviation to assess the potential contribution of sustainable fuels to commercial aviation in the UK to 2030 and 2050 and to identify the main barriers to sustainable fuels contributing to the decarbonisation of the aviation industry. It shows that there is potential to reduce UK aviation’s carbon emission by 1.7 million tonnes per annum by 2030, and by 18% by 2050 through the uptake of sustainable aviation fuels.
expand Category: Policy
​Policies and Collaborative Partnership for Sustainable Aviation

The objective of the report is to identify supportive policy frameworks, innovative partnerships, financing,and information and education approaches to help the aviation industry reach its voluntary CO2 emission reduction goals while supporting sustainable growth and minimizing competitive distortion. <br> <br>The overall conclusion of the report is that, in orderto achieve the aviation industry’s ambitious emission reduction goals, industry and governments will need to collaborate to ensure the implementation of the key CO2 abatement levers – aviation infrastructure improvements, technology research and development,and aviation biofuels – is driven forward and supporting policies are put in place. <br>&nbsp; <br>
World Economic Forum2011
Alternative Jet Fuels - Federal Activities support Development and usage, but long-term commercial viability hinges on market factors

GAO was asked to provide information on the progress and challenges to developing and using alternative jet fuels in the United States. This report examines (1) the role of the federal government in the development and use of alternative jet fuels and (2) key challenges to developing and using alternative jet fuels and actions that the federal government plans to or could take to help address those challenges.
US Government Accountability Office (GAO)2014
expand Category: Sustainability
Environmental Analysis Report

This report synthesises the results and outcomes of the environmental impacts assessement of aviation alternative fuels that was performed in the frame of the SWAFEA European study on the feasibility of alternative fuels in aviation.
SWAFEA European Study - D6.2 report2011


​Jet Propellant 8 versus alternative jet fuels

The Air Force is the largest user of jet fuel in the Department of Defense (DOD), consuming 2.4 billion gallons per year. For that reason the United States is paying more attention to alternative fuels. This article addresses how to evaluate whether a proposed biofuel is greener than the jet propellant 8 (JP-8) the Air Force currently uses. <br>
Air Force Institute of Technology2011
Alternative Jet Fuel Environmental Sustainability Overview

This document was developed by CAAFI Environment Team&nbsp; to provide some common ground for discussing the environmental sustainability challenges associated with the development, deployment, and use of alternative jet fuels.


Assessment of sustainability standards for biojet fuel

The report from Ecofys, commissionned by IATA, assesses existing sustainability standards for biofuels and makes proposals that aviation industry could adopt as a first step towards achieving greater harmonisation between standards applied to biofuels in juridictions around the world.
S. Alberici, M. Spöttle, G. Toop - Ecofys2015



 General Documentation on Alternative Fuels

expand Category: Economics
expand Category: Overview and synthesis
Biofuels - Markets, Targets and Impacts

Assessment of biofuels that discusses technologies, production/consumption/trade, policies/mandates, cost/investment, impacts on food prices, and environmental impacts. <br>
World Bank2010
The Potential and Challenges of Drop-in Biofuels

This report was commissioned by IEA Bioenergy Task 39 with the goal of providing a background to the topic, an assessment of technical approaches being developed and an overview of anticipated challenges in large scale commercialization of so called “drop-in” biofuels.
S. Karatzos, J.D. McMillan, J.N. Saddler (IEA Bioenergy Task 39)2014


expand Category: Policy
The Renewable Identification Number System (RIN) and U.S. Biofuel Mandates

This paper presents the Renwable Identification Number (RIN) system which was created by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to facilitate compliance with the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) that sets annual mandates for renewable transporatation fuels introduced in commerce in the United States of America.
L. McPhail, P. Westcott, H. Lutman / U.S. Departement of Agriculture2011


expand Category: Sustainability
Bioenergy Decision Support Tool

How to select a biomass certification scheme?

This document aims to provide guidance to organisations and projects involved in the production of biofuels and biomass for energy purposes to select a sustainability certification scheme. <br>The report provides in particular factsheets about 18 certifications schemes. <br>
NL Agency (The Netherlands)2011
The Bioenergy and Water Nexus

This report addresses the following questions: How are the production and use of bionergy products likely to influence the future state of water ressources? How can society mitigate negative impacts?
UNEP, Öko-Institut, IEA Bioenergy2011