US DoE announces Four Pilot Projects for Military Drop-in Biofuels Development
As part of Obama Administration’s energy strategy, US Department of Energy announced it granted $18 million to four pilot-scale biorefineries that will produce drop-in biofuels meeting military specifications for jet fuel and ship diesel. These projects are part of the efforts to advance biofuels technologies to continue to bring down costs, improve performance and identify effective, non-food feedstocks and processing techniques. Recipients are required to contribute a minimum of 50 percent matching funds for these projects.
The projects selected for negotiation are:
Frontline Bioenergy LLC (up to $4.2 million; Ames, Iowa) to build and integrate an innovative new pilot scale TarFreeGas™ reactor and new gas conditioning processes with an existing Fischer Tropsch (FT) unit capable of producing 1 barrel per day of FT liquids from woody biomass, municipal solid waste and refuse derived fuel.
Cobalt Technologies (up to $2.5 million; Mountain View, California) to operate a pilot-scale integrated biorefinery to convert switchgrass to bio-jet fuel using an alcohol-to-jet process with butanol as an intermediate product.
Mercurius Biorefining, Inc. (up to $4.6 million; Ferndale, Washington) to build and operate a pilot plant that uses an innovative process that converts the cellulosic biomass into non-sugar intermediates, which are further processed into drop-in bio-jet fuel and chemicals.
BioProcess Algae (up to $6.4 million; Shenandoah, Iowa) to evaluate an innovative autotrophic algal growth platform that will produce hydrocarbon fuels meeting military specifications using renewable carbon dioxide, lignocellulosic sugars and waste heat.